Explained Caste-Based Census Demand India Ethnic Groups SC ST OBC


New Delhi: There has been a long-pending demand for a caste-based census in India and detailed data and information on the ethnic groups living in the country. In a big step towards this, a delegation of leaders from ten parties, including Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, met Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday to demand a caste-based census.All these parties are now awaiting PM Modi’s response.India got its first census report in 1881. The exercise takes place every 10 years. The last caste-based census report came in 1931.Since 1941, the census of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes has been done. The rest of the castes and groups, especially the Other Backward Classes (OBCs), do not have a separate census as only religious figures are published in the report. That is why there has been a demand for a census of ethnic groups in the country for many years now.
India’s Religion-Based Population Chart




Religion 


Population*


Percentage




Hindu


96.62 crore


79.79




Muslim


17.22 crore


14.22




Christian


2.78 crore


2.29




Sikh


2.08 crore


1.72




Buddhist


84.42 lakh


0.69




Others 


44.51 lakh


0.36



*The total population of India is 121 crore, according to the 2011 census
Parties Demanding Caste-Based Census

Janata Dal-United
RJD
HUM-Jitan Ram Manjhi
Samajwadi Party
Bahujan Samaj Party
Apna Dal
RPI(Athawale)
BJP leader Pankaja Munde
Biju Janata Dal
Telugu Desam Party
YSR Congress Party

Arguments In Favour Of Caste CensusThose demanding a caste-based census believe it will help in designing development programmes, government policies and schemes. They also argue that the census will show which ethnic groups are under-developed and still need an uplift.With the caste-based census in place, the government will get to know the actual economic, social and educational status of different ethnic groups in the country. Another argument is that if the SC-ST census is done then why other groups should be left out.     



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